Rene Thibault

Technology: Helping to Feed Our World

From your cotton t-shirt, to the milk on your cereal, to the ethanol gas in your car, our lives are powered by agriculture.  Farming practices change from generation to generation to keep up with a growing global population. In the 1940’s one U.S. farmer produced enough to feed 19 people.  By the 2000’s that number had grown to 155 {Animal Smart}, an exponential jump powered by technology.

In the past farmers would have to do field work by hand or with a horse-drawn team.  Today farmers rely on automated tractors driven by GPS, allowing for an even distribution of crops like corn.  While technologies have changed, farmers’ priorities have not.  They want to care for their animals and protect our lands and waterways.

In New England, Vermont is home to roughly 860 dairy farmers.  Dairy is a $2.2 billion industry powered by the Green Mountain State’s 134,000 cows.  You see red barns in green meadows and on rolling hills.  The essence of the dairy farm hasn’t changed, but walking into the farmyard is a much different experience.

Drones Provide New Visibility to Crops and Cows

On a sunny morning in Northern Vermont, young dairy farmers and brothers Dale and Dylan Nelson, and Dylan’s wife Meg, are busy at work with a controller in hand.  With motors whirling, a white drone lifts into the air.  The trio has dealt with a rainy, wet summer.  The drone is used to monitor their corn fields through its mounted camera.

Farmers across the country are adopting drone technology for multiple uses, from checking the health and growth of their crops, to monitoring their cows grazing out in a pasture.  Drones allow farmers to get a birds-eye view of their land, and saves them time from having to drive or walk to different locations.  Farmers wear many hats, any technology that allows them spend less time getting the job done, and getting on to the next, is money well spent.

More and more farmers are utilizing drones to get a birds eye view of their crop fields and dairy herds.
With the use of a cell phone, all it takes is just two joysticks for the Nelsons to send their drone soaring into the air. They’re able to take photos and shoot video of their farm lands.

Manure Becomes Renewable Energy

Drones aren’t the only technology paying dividends on the Nelson Boys Dairy Farm.  In 2015 the family installed a Green Mountain Power – ‘Cow Power’ Methane Digester.  The machine allows the farm to recycle cow manure into renewable energy.  That electricity is sent back into the grid, powering local homes.  The digester is also turning that manure into a liquid byproduct used as fertilizer on their fields, and the sterile, dried solids are used as bedding for their cows.

Methane Digesters turn cow manure collected on the farm into renewable energy. It’s power that can be used on the farm, and sent back into the grid to power local homes.
A drill-press connected to the digesters converts manure into sterile and dry byproducts which can be re-used as fresh, fluffy bedding for cows in the barn.

High Tech Means Happy Cows

The cows are always the focus for the Nelsons, as well any other dairy farmer across the country.  Many farmers house their animals in freestall barns, which allows cows to move about to eat, drink and rest whenever they wish.  Climate controlled fans and curtains keep the barn cool in the summer and warm in the winter.  Both features kick-on when the temps reach a certain mark.  The Nelsons also utilize cameras in their barns and buildings to keep an eye on their cows.  They can know when calves are born, or how quickly their cows are going through feed.

Meg and Dylan chuckle about their phones.  Alerts pop up on apps about their cows health and milk production. The cows wear collars that provide all of the data on cow activity that is fed to the apps.  The two joke they feel “so millennial” relying on their smartphones, but to them, the devices are the central-hubs of their farm.  And that’s perfect.

Freestall barns allow cows to eat, drink, and rest whenever they wish.
Meg and Dylan Nelson discuss technology on their Northern Vermont farm.

Happy and cows, mean more milk.  This mindset fuels everything dairy farmers work to accomplish day after day.  For Kelly and Joan Sweet, of Sweet Dairy Farm in Fletcher, Vermont, a few special features keep their cows comfortable.  Automatic back-scratchers activate whenever their cows walk underneath.  Their state-of-the-art barn also has a special water recycling system which sends 4,000 gallons of recycled water collected on the farm, down the barn-aisles as another tool to keep the cow’s area clean – also a nice footbath for their ladies!

Cows Make More Milk for Robots

Maybe most impressive, are the Sweet’s four robotic milking machines housed in the center of the barn.  Cows walk into the milking stalls and the machines digitally read a sensor found on a collar around the cows’ necks (these devices track steps taken, eating habits, and how long they’re chewing their cud – all signs of a cow’s health).  Grain is dropped into a tray, and the machine goes to work.  An automated arm swings out under the cow’s udders, cleans them, and a laser guides suction cups onto the teats.

An automated arm swings under the cow’s udders, cleans them, then uses a laser to attach itself and begins milking.
With robots, cows are able to milk whenever they please. Cows line up and wait their turn in the milking station. Some are more patient then others!

This technology frees the Sweets to take care of other work on the farm.  Robotic milkers often mean an increase in milk production for each cow, providing a consistent touch, allowing the cows to milk anytime they want.

The Sweets also have a robotic machine pushes food to the cows every hour to make sure they always have something to eat.  Picture an over-sized Rhumba, slowing working it’s way around the barn, pushing feed closer to hungry cows.

Tractors Drive Themselves & Ensure Accurate Application of Seeds, Nutrients

Many dairy farms grow the feed for their own cows.  That means each season putting in the countless hours of planting crops like corn (used in silage).  When you’ve got thousands of acres to get in the ground, grow, and harvest, you need a tractor that’s up to the job.  GPS technology is no longer just for your car, it’s helping farmers accurately cover their fields.  Many modern tractors are driving themselves through that GPS technology, leaving just the turning to the farmer.  This allows the farmer to keep a closer eye on the seeder, or manure applicator they may be towing.

Auto-steer tractors are guided by GPS allowing farmers to focus on the machine they’re pulling, only needing to turn the tractor at the field’s edge.

Called ‘Precision Agriculture’, this technology and these practices can eliminate human error.  Crops are seeded in even rows and areas are not covered more than once.  That means more money saved.  It also means when farmers need to use manure fertilizer, pesticides or herbicides, the right amounts are applied, and in the right spots.  This precision helps to ensure that nutrients stay on the field, and helps to protect our environment and waterways.

Technology Gives Farms an Edge on Mother Nature

Mother Nature is an ever-present force looming over farmers.  It’s a factor they can’t control but always prepare for.  At Copper Hill Farm in Fairfax, Kurt Magnan, a fourth-generation dairy farmer, pulls out his phone and checks the data coming in from his remote weather station.  Located on a hill north of the barn, the weather station features wind and rain gauges, as well as other sensors that record temperature, and humidity. This information is sent to his smartphone in real time.  It allows Magnan to make informed decisions about his work.  The data helps Magnan decide what, and how much manure he should apply to his fields.  It’s another example of how dairy farmers utilize technology to protect the lands they use and love.

Kurt Magnan discusses his weather station. The data it collects is sent to Magnan’s smart phone, helping him to make informed decisions on the farm.
Copper Hill Farm, Fairfax, VT.

Vermont and New England dairy farmers don’t take days off, they never stop monitoring and caring for their animals and their lands.  Even though their tools have changed drastically, dairy farmers continue to work effectively and efficiently to produce healthy foods.  And with our population slated to reach 9.7 billion by 2050, we’ll need all of our farmers and their technology.

Rene Thibault

Rene Thibault is a PR and Communications Specialist for the New England Dairy Promotion Board. Rene is a Vermont native, a maple creemee fanatic, and loves connecting people to the farmers who produce their food. In his spare time, Rene enjoys hiking, reading, and spending time with friends and family. He currently resides in Jericho, Vermont. Sound like someone you want to get to know? Contact Rene at rthibault@newenglanddairy.com